Hindi cinema, often referred to as Bollywood and formerly Bombay cinema, Bollywood is an Indian Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai (formerly Bombay). The words are a portmanteau of “Bombay” and “Hollywood”. The industry is closely related to the cinema of South India and other Indian film industries, producing Indian cinema – the world’s largest cinema by the number of feature films produced.
In 2017, Indian cinema produced 1,986 feature films, with Bollywood being the largest filmmaker, producing 364 Hindi films in the same year. Bollywood represents 43 percent of Indian net box-office revenue; Tamil and Telugu cinema represented 36 percent, and the remaining regional cinema represented 21 percent in 2014. Bollywood is one of the largest centers of film production in the world. In ticket sales in 2001, Indian cinema (including Bollywood) reportedly sold 3.6 billion tickets worldwide, while Hollywood sold 2.6 billion tickets. Bollywood films use the local language Hindustani, which is mutually intelligible by Hindi or Urdu-speaking people, and modern Bollywood films increasingly incorporate elements of Hinglish.
The most popular commercial genre in Bollywood since the 1970s has been masala film, freely mixing various genres including action, comedy, romance, drama and melodrama as well as musical numbers. Masala films generally fall under the musical film genre, of which Indian cinema has been the largest producer since the 1960s, when it surpassed the American film industry’s total musical output after a decline in music films. in the west; The first Indian musical talkie was Alam Ara (1931), several years after the first Hollywood musical talkie The Jazz Singer (1927). Along with commercial masala films, a distinctive style of art films, known as parallel cinema, also exists, in which realistic content is presented and musical numbers are avoided. In recent years, the distinction between commercial masala and parallel cinema is gradually blurring, with an increasing number of mainstream films adopting traditions that were once strictly tied to parallel cinema.
"Bollywood" is a suitcase derived from Mumbai (the former name Mumbai) and "Hollywood", a shorthand reference to the American film industry, which is based in Hollywood, California. The term "Tollywood", for the Tollygunge-based cinema of West Bengal, predates "Bollywood". It was used in a 1932 American Cinematographer article by Wilford E. Deming, an American engineer who helped create the first Indian sound pictures. "Bollywood" was probably invented in the 1960s or 1970s in Bombay-based film trade magazines, although the exact inventor varies by account. Film journalist Bevinda Colaco claims that she coined the term for the title of her column in Screen magazine. His column "On the Bollywood Beat" covered studio news and celebrity gossip. Other sources state that it was produced by lyricist, filmmaker and scholar Amit Khanna. It is unknown whether it was derived from "Hollywood", via "Tollywood", or was directly inspired by "Hollywood". The term has been criticized by some film journalists and critics, who believe that it implies that the industry is a poor cousin of Hollywood.